Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) occurs in children as well as adults, and cause symptoms such as restlessness, inattentiveness, aggression, agitation, inability to focus as well as hyperactivity and learning disorders in children. It should be seen as a serious and debilitating condition, and if you suspect you or your child of suffering from any of these symptoms, it would be wise to seek a professional opinion. ADHD is one of the most common neurological diseases in America, but it is not without cure. With proper medication and treatment, you can lead a normal life too, without the severe effects of ADHD.
Majority of ADHD sufferers turn to stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamine (Dexedrine). These stimulants serve to increase dopamine and norepinphrine in the brain, increasing the communication and connection between different regions of the brain. Stimulants can be separated into 2 separate categories, based on the time duration of the medication.
Ritalin is the most commonly prescribed medication, and can be used on children who are older than 6. It is a fast acting medication, and can last for up to 4 hours. Dexedrine is also extremely popular as it can be used on children who are older than 3, and can last for up to 5 hours. The duration of the medication varies from each individual.
There are also stimulants that last for longer durations, such as Metadate CD and Concerta. Metadate CD is a recent medication that also contains methylphenidate, and can last up to 8 hours. It comes in capsule form that can be swallowed or mixed in with meals. Concerta can last up to 12 hours.
For those who have children unable to swallow pills, research by FDA is underway for the release of Methypatch, which is adhered to the skin to deliver the chemical into the body. There is a huge range of medication available, each with different durations and some of these have harmful side effects. These range from headaches, stomach upsets, loss of appetite, insomnia, anxiety, depression and irritability. Speak to your doctor who will be better able to recommend one that suits your condition the best. It is also important to take note that these medications may be addictive if consumed in the long run.
For individuals who find stimulants unsuitable due to its side effects or existing medical conditions, there are alternative treatments available as well. Usually, a second medication is mixed with the current stimulant. For individuals who find stimulants ineffective, a complete substitute of medication may be necessary.
Common non-stimulant medications include atomoxetine (Strattera), which whilst more expensive, can be used for adults and is taken once a day. It works by strengthening the nerves that rely of norepinephrine for communication in the brain. However, it is not without its own set of side effects, similar to stimulants. Buproprion SR and XL have also been used for treating adults, but it is less effective compared to amphetamine.
Antidepressents such as SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressents and MAOI may also be prescribed for treating ADHD.
About The Author Greg Frost